Part of the footage was used in The Prince and the pauper (1909 a two-reel short film. It is said to be the only known existing film footage of Twain. 40 Financial troubles Twain made a substantial amount of money through his writing, but he lost a great deal through investments. He invested mostly in new inventions and technology, particularly in the paige typesetting machine. It was a beautifully engineered mechanical marvel that amazed viewers when it worked, but it was prone to breakdowns. Twain spent 300,000 (equal to 8,000,000 in inflation-adjusted terms 41 ) on it between 18, 42 but before it could be perfected it was rendered obsolete by the linotype.
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All of the Clemens family are buried in Elmira's woodlawn Cemetery. Love of science and technology Twain was fascinated with science and scientific inquiry. He developed a close and lasting friendship with nikola tesla, and the two spent much time together in Tesla's laboratory. Twain patented three inventions, including an "Improvement in Adjustable and Detachable Straps for Garments" (to replace suspenders ) and a history trivia game. 38 39 Most commercially successful was a self-pasting scrapbook; a dried adhesive on the pages needed only to be moistened before use. 38 over 25,000 were sold. 38 Twain's novel business a connecticut Yankee in King Arthur's court (1889) features a time traveler from the contemporary. S., using his knowledge of science to introduce modern technology to Arthurian England. This type of storyline became a common feature of the science fiction subgenre alternate history. In 1909, Thomas Edison visited Twain at his home in Redding, connecticut and filmed him.
They had three daughters: Susy (18721896 Clara (18741962 35 and jean (18801909). Library of integration Twain house, with hand-stenciled paneling, fireplaces from India, embossed wallpaper, and hand-carved mantel from Scotland Twain moved his family to hartford, connecticut, where he arranged the building of a home starting in 1873. In the 1870s and 1880s, the family summered at quarry farm in Elmira, the home of Olivia's sister, susan Crane. 36 37 In 1874, 36 Susan had a study built apart from the main house so that Twain would have a quiet place in which to write. Also, he smoked cigars constantly, and Susan did not want him to do so in her house. Twain wrote many of his classic novels during his 17 years in Hartford (18741891) and over 20 summers at quarry farm. They include The Adventures of Tom Sawyer (1876 The Prince and the pauper (1881 life on the mississippi (1883 Adventures of Huckleberry finn (1885 and a connecticut Yankee in King Arthur's court (1889). Citation needed The couple's marriage lasted 34 years until Olivia's death in 1904.
Twain later claimed to have fallen in love at first sight. 31 Upon returning to the United States, Twain was offered honorary membership in Yale University 's secret society Scroll and key in 1868. 32 Its devotion to "fellowship, moral and literary self-improvement, and charity" suited him well. Marriage and children Twain house in Hartford, connecticut Twain and Olivia langdon corresponded throughout 1868. She rejected his first marriage proposal, but they were married in Elmira, new York in February 1870, 30 where he courted her and managed to overcome milton's her father's initial reluctance. 33 She came from a "wealthy but liberal family through her, he met abolitionists, "socialists, principled atheists and activists for women's rights and social equality including Harriet beecher Stowe (his next-door neighbor in Hartford, connecticut frederick douglass, and writer and utopian socialist William dean Howells. The couple lived in Buffalo, new York, from 1869 to 1871. He owned a stake in the buffalo Express newspaper and worked as an editor and writer. While they were living in Buffalo, their son Langdon died of diphtheria at the age of 19 months.
His experiences in Angels Camp (in Calaveras county, california) provided material for "The celebrated Jumping Frog of Calaveras county" (1865). Twain moved to san Francisco in 1864, still as a journalist, and met writers such as Bret Harte and Artemus Ward. He may have been romantically involved with the poet Ina coolbrith. 29 His first success as a writer came when his humorous tall tale "The celebrated Jumping Frog of Calaveras county" was published on november 18, 1865, in the new York weekly The saturday press, bringing him national attention. A year later, he traveled to the sandwich Islands (present-day hawaii) as a reporter for the sacramento Union. His letters to the Union were popular and became the basis for his first lectures. 30 In 1867, a local newspaper funded his trip to the mediterranean aboard the quaker City, including a tour of Europe and the middle east. He wrote a collection of travel letters which were later compiled as The Innocents Abroad (1869). It was on this trip that he met fellow passenger Charles Langdon, who showed him a picture of his sister Olivia.
Mark, twain, biography, books and Facts
He later wrote the uva sketch " sur The Private history of a campaign That failed describing how he and his friends had been Confederate volunteers for two weeks before disbanding. 23 he then left for nevada to work for Orion, who was Secretary of the nevada territory. Twain describes the episode in his book roughing. 24 25 :147 Travels Twain in 1867 Orion became secretary to nevada territory governor James. Nye in 1861, and Twain joined him when he moved west. The brothers traveled more than two weeks on a stagecoach across the Great Plains and the rocky mountains, visiting the mormon community in Salt lake city.
Twain's journey ended in the silver-mining town of Virginia city, nevada, where he became a miner on the comstock lode. 23 he failed as a miner and went to work at the virginia city newspaper Territorial Enterprise, 26 working under a friend, the writer Dan dequille. He first used his pen name here on February 3, 1863, when he wrote a humorous travel account entitled "Letter From Carson re: joe goodman; party at gov. . Johnson's; music" and signed it "Mark Twain". 27 28 His experiences in the American West inspired roughing It, written during 187071 and published in 1872.
The pilot, even in those days of trivial wages, had a princely salary from a hundred and fifty to two hundred and fifty dollars a month, and no board to pay. As Twain describes it, the pilot's prestige exceeded that of the captain. The pilot had to: get up a warm personal acquaintanceship with every old snag and one-limbed cottonwood and every obscure wood pile that ornaments the banks of this river for twelve hundred miles; and more than that, must actually know where these things are. Bixby took twain on as a cub pilot to teach him the river between New Orleans and. Louis for 500, payable out of Twain's first wages after graduating. Twain studied the mississippi, learning its landmarks, how to navigate its currents effectively, and how to read the river and its constantly shifting channels, reefs, submerged snags, and rocks that would "tear the life out of the strongest vessel that ever floated".
19 It was more than two years before he received his pilot's license. Piloting also gave him his pen name from " mark twain the leadsman's cry for a measured river depth of two fathoms (12 feet which was safe water for a steamboat. 20 While training, samuel convinced his younger brother Henry to work with him. Henry was killed on June 21, 1858, when their steamboat Pennsylvania exploded. Twain claimed to have foreseen this death in a dream a month earlier, 21 :275 which inspired his interest in parapsychology ; he was an early member of the society for Psychical Research. 22 Twain was guilt-stricken and held himself responsible for the rest of his life. He continued to work on the river and was a river pilot until the civil War broke out in 1861, when traffic was curtailed along the mississippi river. At the start of hostilities, he enlisted briefly in a local Confederate unit.
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His father was an attorney and judge, who died of pneumonia in 1847, when Twain was. 17 The next year, Twain left school after the essay fifth grade to story become a printer's apprentice. 1 In 1851 he began working as a typesetter, contributing articles and humorous sketches to the hannibal journal, a newspaper that Orion owned. When he was 18, he left Hannibal and worked as a printer in New York city, philadelphia,. Louis, and Cincinnati, joining the newly formed International Typographical Union, the printers trade union. He educated himself in public libraries in the evenings, finding wider information than at a conventional school. 18 Twain describes his boyhood in Life on the mississippi, stating that "there was but one permanent ambition" among his comrades: to be a steamboatman. Pilot was the grandest position of all.
His parents met when his father moved to missouri, and they were married in 1823. 7 8 Twain was position of Cornish, english, and Scots-Irish descent. Only three of his siblings survived childhood: Orion (18251897 henry (18381858 and Pamela (18271904). His sister Margaret (18301839) died when Twain was three, and his brother Benjamin (18321842) died three years later. His brother Pleasant Hannibal (1828) died at three weeks of age. 13 14 When he was four, Twain's family moved to hannibal, missouri, 15 a port town on the mississippi river that inspired the fictional town. . Petersburg in The Adventures of Tom Sawyer and the Adventures of Huckleberry finn. 16 Slavery was legal in Missouri at the time, and it became a theme in these writings.
but he invested in ventures that lost most of it—notably the. Paige compositor, a mechanical typesetter that failed because of its complexity and imprecision. He filed for bankruptcy in the wake of these financial setbacks, but he eventually overcame his financial troubles with the help. He chose to pay all his pre-bankruptcy creditors in full, even after he had no legal responsibility to. Twain was born shortly after an appearance. Halley's Comet, and he predicted that he would "go out with it" as well; he died the day after the comet returned. He was lauded as the "greatest humorist this country has produced 5 and William faulkner called him "the father of American literature ". 6 Contents biography early life samuel Clemens, age 15 Mark Twain was born Samuel Langhorne Clemens on november 30, 1835, in Florida, missouri, the sixth of seven children born to jane ( née lampton; 18031890 a native of Kentucky, and John Marshall Clemens (17981847.
He later became a riverboat pilot on the. Mississippi river before heading west to join Orion in nevada. He referred humorously to his lack of success at mining, integration turning to journalism for the. Virginia city, territorial Enterprise. 3, his humorous story, the celebrated Jumping Frog of Calaveras county was published in 1865, based on a story that he heard. Angels Hotel in, angels Camp, california where he had spent some time as a miner. The short story brought international attention and was even translated into French.
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For other uses, see, mark Twain (disambiguation). Samuel Langhorne Clemens (november 30, 1835 April 21, 1910 1 better known by his pen name, mark Twain, was an American writer, humorist, entrepreneur, publisher, and lecturer. Among his novels are. The Adventures of Tom Sawyer (1875) and its sequel, the, adventures of Huckleberry finn (1885 2 the latter often called the Great American novel ". Twain was raised. Hannibal, missouri, which later provided the setting for. Tom Sawyer and, huckleberry finn. He served an apprenticeship with a printer and then worked as a typesetter, contributing articles to planner the newspaper of his older brother.